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In 1944 (including D-Day), this was the headquarters for the USAAF's Ninth Air Force's IX Troop Carrier Command, being known as Grantham Lodge.RAF Spitalgate trained pilots during both world wars, initially as a Royal Flying Corps establishment.The Nottingham Line (LNER) arrived first in 1850, then the London line (GNR) – the Towns Line from Peterborough to Retford – arrived in 1852. Little Gonerby and Spittlegate were added to the borough in 1879.The Boston, Sleaford and Midland Counties Railway arrived in 1857. The town had been in the wapentake of Loveden, and the town included three townships of Manthorpe with Little Gonerby, Harrowby, and Spittlegate with Houghton and Walton.In 1363 "The Castles, Manors and towns of Stamford and Grantham" were granted to Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and fifth son of Edward III of England.The question has been raised as to whether Grantham House was the site of a castle, however, no such site has been reliably identified.In December 1914 Miss Damer Dawson, the Chief of the Corps, came to Grantham to supervise the preliminary work of the women police.The officers stationed at Grantham were Miss Allen and Miss Harburn.
It straddles the London to Edinburgh East Coast Main Line railway and the River Witham and is bounded to the west by the A1 main north–south trunk road.Grantham is notable for being the birthplace of the former UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, for having educated Isaac Newton at its King's School, for having the first female police officer in the United Kingdom (Edith Smith in 1914), and for producing the first running diesel engine in 1892 and the UK's first tractor in 1896.The origin of "Grantham" is uncertain, although the name is said probably to be Old English "Granta ham", meaning "Granta's homestead".It appeared as early as 1086 in the Domesday Book in its present form of Grantham, but was also recorded variously as Grandham, Granham and Graham.The place name element grand could possibly mean "gravel".